Ageing is inevitable and so are the sun’s rays. And if there is one thing that is preventing you to look less your age or is making you look more your age are the sun’s harmful rays.
Sun rays are everywhere. Even when you are indoors or the sun don’t shine directly upon you, you still need protection since invisible sun rays can still penetrate through windows and cause serious, irreversible damages to your skin.
If you don’t protect yourself at an early age, sunspots, wrinkles, and hyper pigmentations will reveal themselves sooner than you think and once you get them, it is very very hard to eliminate, and most of the time you cannot eliminate them topically, or worst even a concealer can’t hide them, they will be there for the rest of your life to haunt you forever.
There are 3 types of sun rays:
photo courtesy of coolasuncare.com
- UVA (Ultra Violet A) – they are the invisible sun rays and goes to the deeper layers of the skin w/c is the dermis that cause premature ageing, wrinkles, collagen loss, sunspots, hyper pigmentation and blemishes. They penetrate through glass windows and it exists every season, everyday, and all year round.
- UVB (Ultra Violet B)- they are the visible sun rays that penetrate the epidermis that cause those sunburns and they can penetrate through glass windows.
- UVC (Ultra Violet C) – the strongest among the three, however no need to worry about this since we have the ozone layer to protect us. yey!
What to look for in a sunblock?
A. Sun Protection Factor (SPF) Rating:
- SPF15– blocks 96% of UVB rays.
- SPF30 – blocks 97% of UVB rays.
- SPF50 – blocks 99% of UVB rays.
B. Protection Grade of UVA rays (PA) Rating – most famous US brand sunscreens don’t have this rating written on their bottles, mostly if it is not indicated or just labelled broad spectrum, it is either little or non-existent. This also has something to do with the FDA approval of their sunscreens that only allow up to PA+++
For a comprehensive guide on how to help you make the right purchase and choose the right sunscreen for you click here. They have almost every US sunscreen brand rated and tested for your convenience. Do also watch out for acne triggers as they are not rated on this site. Ingredients are also broken down as to how harmful they can be as well. They also have a list of top recommended sunscreens. As well as the best and worst sunscreens.
However, if you live in Asia, most asian sunscreens has a high PA rating with the maximum of PA+++++, so basically the more amount of pluses the higher amount of protection.
How to apply sunscreen properly?
- the proper amount to be put on your face should be 1/4tsp or about a size of a quarter, then another 1/4tsp for your neck and so on.
If you don’t put on the proper amount the protection level of the product drops up to 25%. I used to put just a pinch of sunblock thinking that it will protect me all day, and boy was i so wrong all these years.
2. make sure to apply sunscreen 20-30mins before you are exposed to the sun.
3. reapply every 2-3 hours you are exposed to the sun. this means if you will be out sweating and swimming all day, you need to reapply, but if you will just be indoors and the total number or hours you are exposed outside is less than 2hours then you don’t have to reapply.
4. check the expiration date. if you are using expired sunscreen chances are the protection level is also invalid or worse might give you breakouts. Usually when you open the product it will last up to one year, even if the expiry is longer you need to throw it out after a year, but if you put it in the refrigerator it will last a bit longer.
If you live in the Philippines the only sunscreen i know that has the above qualities that i look for in a sunscreen is the Human Nature 100% Natural Safe Protect SPF30 PA++++
Ingredients: coconut oil, castor seed oil, hydrogenated castor oil, zinc oxide, sunflower seed oil, caprylic triglyceride, dicaprylyl ether, beeswax, soybean oil, fragrance, glyceryl caprylate, vitamin e, p-anisic acid
another great advantage of this product is that they claim to be coral friendly than other sunscreens that have the chemicals that cause the bleaching of the coral reefs, perfect partner while swimming our beautiful beaches without harming nature.
the only downside to this is that is gives a major white cast when applied. the last picture is applied after 20mins, so even after more than 20mins white cast is still there. this also contains coconut oil and beeswax a major offender for those who are combination, oily and acne prone skin. you can consider this putting in your body but might as well pass for the face.
my favourite sunscreen that does not cause me breakouts click here
what is your favourite sunscreen? what do you look for in a sunscreen?